Energy
Technical Paper

Precipitate evolution in 22Cr25NiWCuCo(Nb) austenitic heat-resistant stainless steel during heat treatment at 1200 ◦C

In this study, 22Cr25NiWCuCo(Nb) heat-resistant steel specimens with high Cr and Ni contents were adopted to investigate the effect of Nb content on thermal and precipitation behavior.

In this study, 22Cr25NiWCuCo(Nb) heat-resistant steel specimens with high Cr and Ni contents were adopted to investigate the effect of Nb content on thermal and precipitation behavior. Differential scanning calorimetry profiles revealed that the melting point of the 22Cr25NiWCuCo(Nb) steel specimens decreased slightly with the Nb content. After heat treatment at 1200 ◦C for 2 h, the precipitates dissolved in a Nb-free steel matrix. In addition, the Z phase (CrNb(C, N)) and MX (Nb(C, N), (Cr, Fe)(C, N), and NbC) could be observed in the Nb-containing steel specimens. The amount and volume fraction of the precipitates increased with the Nb content, and the precipitates were distributed heterogeneously along the grain boundary and inside the grain. Even when the heat treatment duration was extended to 6 h, the austenitic grain size and precipitates became coarser; the volume fraction of the precipitates also increased at 1200 ◦C. The Z phase, rather than the MX phase, became the dominant precipitates at this temperature.
Precipitate evolution in 22Cr25NiWCuCo(Nb) austenitic heat-resistant stainless steel during heat treatment at 1200 ◦C (PDF 3.64 MB)