Structural / Energy
Technical Paper

The use of niobium bearing ferro-alloys in the manufacture of structural steels in the USSR

International Symposium Niobium'81

Information is presented concerning the use of niobium as a microalloying element in constructional steels of various types. Niobium causes substantial refinement of grain size and inhibits the process of static recrystallization. It is, therefore, widely used in high strength low-alloy steels subjected to controlled-rolling or thermo-mechanical treatment. The largest strength increases are observed with a niobium content of up to 0.05 percent at which point the impact toughness diminishes slightly. Increased amounts of niobium favorably affect both the impact toughness and the transition temperature. The effectiveness of niobium usage in existing types of construction steels, including HSLA steels intended for the manufacture of weldable largediameter linepipe for use in Arctic environments is described. (AU)
Technical Paper (PDF 173.10 KB)