Processes / Energy
Technical Paper

Weldability pre-qualification of steels for deepwater service

International Symposium on Microalloyed Steels for the Oil and Gas Industry

The weldability of steels for deepwater applications must be determined long before welding procedures is qualified. The weldments of deepwater equipment such as steel catenary risers (SCRs) are subjected to currents which result in high cyclic stresses. It is imperative that steels selected for such service have high CTOD fracture toughness values after welding to ensure good defect tolerance. Through fracture mechanics analyses, these CTOD values are used to determine the defect acceptance criteria that is used for inspection of such weldments. The base metal and weld metal are more easily obtained, but because the weld joint design changes the position of the HAZs, the CTOD value for the HAZ is usually a combination of the base, weld consumable, and HAZ. The value obtained from such a test is suspect, and may give an optimistic value if the weld metal or base metal have high CTOD values. This paper discusses the various strategies for determining the true weldability long before construction commences, using API RP 2Z (1) Type tests for prequalification of base materials. (AU)
Technical Paper (PDF 549.61 KB)